5 Biggest Risks of Real Estate Investment in Nigeria and How to Avoid Them

gray bungalow house under blue and white cloudy sky

5 Biggest Risks of Real Estate Investment in Nigeria and How to Avoid Them

gray bungalow house under blue and white cloudy sky

Are you thinking of investing in real estate in Nigeria? Well, you’ve got to buckle up tight because there are some risks you need to be aware of. In this article, we’ll dive into the five biggest real estate investment risks in Nigeria and, more importantly, how to steer clear of them.

Nigeria, a land of vast potential and rapid development, offers exciting opportunities for real estate investors. However, like any investment, it has its fair share of challenges and risks. Whether you’re a seasoned investor or just looking to acquire your first property, you must understand the pitfalls and take the necessary precautions to protect your hard-earned money.

From market volatility to legal complexities, we’ll explore the challenges that real estate investors face in Nigeria. But fear not! We won’t leave you hanging. We’ll also provide practical tips and strategies to help you mitigate these risks and make informed decisions. So, if you’re ready to navigate the Nigerian real estate landscape, let’s jump right in!

Risk 1: Fraud and Title Issues

Ah, fraud and title issues – the nightmares of real estate investors everywhere! When it comes to Nigeria, these risks are particularly important to address. 

Nigeria’s real estate market has unfortunately witnessed cases of fraudulent activities and questionable title documentation. These can range from forged property documents to multiple claims of ownership on the same property. Such situations can lead to costly legal battles, financial losses, and even the loss of your investment altogether.

How to Avoid the Risk

To avoid falling victim to fraud or title issues, it’s crucial to conduct thorough due diligence. Engage the services of reputable real estate professionals, such as lawyers and surveyors, to verify the authenticity of property documents and titles. 

By buying from a reputable real estate company, being vigilant, seeking professional advice, and conducting comprehensive research, you can minimize the risks associated with fraud and title issues in Nigerian real estate. Remember, a solid foundation built on transparency and legal certainty is essential for a successful investment journey.

Risk 2: Political and Regulatory Uncertainty

Nigeria’s political landscape can be dynamic, and government policy and regulation changes can significantly affect the real estate sector. For instance, it’s common for the state and federal governments to embark on urban renewal projects, demolishing certain areas to make way for infrastructure development. Just recently, the Lagos state government destroyed more than 13 buildings near the Murtala International Airport, Lagos. But in most cases, these losses result from a lack of due diligence – properties illegally acquired or without government approval. 

In another case, the Nigerian government introduced new tax regulations in 2020, imposing up to 23% in property taxes on real estate investors. This sudden change caught some investors off guard, leading to financial strains and a reevaluation of investment strategies.

How to Mitigate the Risk 

To mitigate the risks associated with political and regulatory uncertainty, it’s essential to stay informed and keep a pulse on the political landscape. Engage with local real estate associations, attend industry events, and follow reliable news sources to anticipate potential policy changes.

Additionally, diversify your investment portfolio to spread the risk across different locations and property types. By doing so, you can minimize the impact of any adverse regulatory changes in a specific area.

Remember, while political and regulatory uncertainties can be unsettling, they are not insurmountable. By staying informed, being adaptable, and developing a resilient investment strategy, you can navigate these challenges and thrive in Nigeria’s real estate market.

Risk 3: Economic Volatility and Market Fluctuations

illustration of man carrying box of financial loss on back
Photo by Monstera on Pexels.com

Economic volatility can leave real estate investors feeling a bit queasy. The Nigerian economy is susceptible to oil price fluctuations, inflation, currency devaluation, and overall market conditions. These elements can directly impact the real estate sector, affecting property values, rental incomes, and investor confidence.

For example, before the COVID-19 pandemic hit in the third quarter of 2020, Nigeria experienced an economic recession due to a decline in oil prices and other factors. This downturn led to a contraction in the real estate market, with property prices taking a hit and rental demand decreasing. Investors who were heavily exposed to the market during this period faced challenges in generating expected returns and faced difficulties in property sales.

How to Mitigate the Risk 

To mitigate the risks of economic volatility and market fluctuations, diversification is critical. Consider investing in different property types, such as residential, commercial, or mixed-use developments, to spread risk across multiple sectors. Additionally, focus on locations with strong economic fundamentals and diverse industries that can withstand economic shocks.

Stay abreast of economic indicators, such as GDP growth, inflation rates, and government policies, as they can provide valuable insights into the overall economic health and potential market fluctuations.

By adopting a proactive approach, diversifying your investments, and staying informed, you can navigate the waves of economic volatility and market fluctuations, ensuring a smoother ride in Nigeria’s real estate market.

Risk 4: Lack of Infrastructure and Basic Amenities

Infrastructure deficiencies, such as inadequate road networks, unreliable power supply, limited water and sanitation systems, and insufficient healthcare facilities, can pose challenges for real estate investors. This challenge can significantly impact property value, rental demand, and overall investment viability. 

Potential tenants or buyers may hesitate to invest in properties lacking essential amenities and convenient access to transportation and services.

To highlight the impact of this risk, let’s consider a case study. Imagine an investor purchasing a property in an underdeveloped area with poor road infrastructure and irregular power supply. Despite the property’s potential, attracting tenants becomes challenging due to the lack of basic amenities. The investor may struggle to generate rental income and may even face difficulties selling the property.

How to Avoid the Risk 

To avoid the risks associated with infrastructure deficiencies, it’s essential to focus on getting properties in locations like Ijebu, Epe, and Ibeju-Lekki axes experiencing ongoing or planned infrastructure development. These areas may include government-designated growth corridors or regions earmarked for infrastructure improvements.

Additionally, consider investing in properties that offer self-sustaining amenities, such as backup power generators, water storage facilities, or integrated community developments that provide essential services.

Keep an eye on government initiatives aimed at improving infrastructure and basic amenities. These include road construction, power sector reforms, port construction, and urban renewal programs. Such initiatives can signal potential growth areas and investment opportunities.

Risk 5: Security and Safety Concerns

The safety and security of both the property and its occupants are paramount for a successful investment. Nigeria, like any other country, faces security challenges such as terrorism, banditry, theft, vandalism, trespassing, and more. These concerns can significantly impact the value and attractiveness of a property, as well as the safety and well-being of tenants or occupants.

To understand the implications of security and safety concerns, let’s consider a case study. Imagine an investor purchasing an apartment complex in an area with a high crime rate and inadequate security measures. Prospective tenants may be reluctant to rent in such an area due to safety fears, leading to high vacancy rates and potential financial losses for the investor.

To mitigate security and safety risks, it’s essential to prioritize properties in areas with a reputation for safety and security. Lagos, Ogun, Abuja, and Oyo are some of the safest states for real estate. It’s little wonder why these are some of the most economic conditions in the country. 

Also, consider investing in gated communities, properties with reliable security systems and personnel, or locations with a strong police presence.


Real estate investment in Nigeria offers exciting opportunities, but it is not without its risks. The five biggest risks discussed in this article include fraud and title issues, political and regulatory uncertainty, economic volatility and market fluctuations, lack of infrastructure and basic amenities, and security and safety concerns. However, with proper risk management and due diligence, these risks can be mitigated.

It is important to engage professionals, conduct thorough research, and stay informed about the market and regulatory landscape. Hybrid Landtech understands these risks and can provide the expertise and support needed to navigate the Nigerian real estate market successfully. Reach out to Hybrid Landtech today and start your journey toward profitable real estate investments in Nigeria.